Approaches And Methods In Language Teaching Summary Pdf
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- Approaches and Methods in Language Teaching
- Second and Foreign Language Teaching Methods
- English Teaching Methods
- A summary and overview of new language teaching methods
This module provides a description of the basic principles and procedures of the most recognized and commonly used approaches and methods for teaching a second or foreign language. Each approach or method has an articulated theoretical orientation and a collection of strategies and learning activities designed to reach the specified goals and achieve the learning outcomes of the teaching and learning processes. Involves isolation of grammatical and syntactic elements of L2 taught either deductively or inductively in a predetermined sequence.
Approaches and Methods in Language Teaching
Throughout the history of teaching languages a number of different teaching approaches and methodologies have been tried and tested with some being more popular and effective than others. The direct method of teaching English is also known as the Natural Method.
Its main focus is oral skill and it is taught via repetitive drilling. Today popular forms of the Direct Method are Callan and Berlitz. Just like its name suggests, this method of teaching English is grammar heavy and relies a lot on translation. This is particularly common for those students who wish to study literature at a deeper level.
The Audio Lingual Method otherwise known as the New Key Method or Army Method is based on a behavirourist theory that things are able to be learned by constant reinforcement. However, just like in the army when someone behaves badly or in this case bad use of English , the learner receives negative feedback and the contrary happens when a student demonstrates good use of English.
This is related to the Direct Method and just like its predecessor it only uses the target language. The biggest difference between the Audio Lingual Method and the Direct Method is its focus of teaching.
The Direct Methods focuses on the teaching of vocabulary whereas the Audio Lingual Method focuses on specific grammar teachings.
As the name suggests, the method is all about structure. The idea is that any language is made up of complex grammar rules. This is a behaviourist theory and related to pseudoscience. This theory is intended to offer learners various choices, which in turn helps them become more responsible for their learning. It relies a lot on the atmosphere and the physical surroundings of the class.
Each Suggestopedia lesson is divided into three different phases — 1. Deciphering 2. Concert Session 3. The idea behind this approach is to help learners communicate more effectively and correctly in realistic situations that they may find themselves in. This type of teaching involves focusing on important functions like suggesting, thanking, inviting, complaining, and asking for directions to name but a few.
The Silent Way emphasises learner autonomy. The teacher acts merely as a facilitator trying to encourage students to be more active in their learning. The main of this way of teaching is for the teacher to say very little, so students can take control of their learning. This method of learning English follows a structural syllabus and grammar, vocabulary and pronunciation are constantly drilled and recycled for reinforcement.
Unlike a lot of the other methods and approaches of teaching English as a Second Language, a lot of the L1 mother tongue is used for translation purposes. The main aim of this approach to learning is task completion. Usually, relevant and interesting tasks are set by the teacher and students are expected to draw on their pre-existing knowledge of English to complete the task with as few errors as possible.
The Lexical syllabus or approach is based on computer studies that have previously identified the most commonly used words.
This approach in teaching focuses on vocabulary acquisition and teaching lexical chunks in order of their frequency and use. Teachers of the Lexical Approach place a great emphasis on authentic materials and realistic scenarios for more valuable learning.
English Teaching Methods. The Grammar Translation Method Just like its name suggests, this method of teaching English is grammar heavy and relies a lot on translation. The Structural Approach As the name suggests, the method is all about structure. Communicative Language Teaching CLT The idea behind this approach is to help learners communicate more effectively and correctly in realistic situations that they may find themselves in.
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Second and Foreign Language Teaching Methods
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Throughout the history of teaching languages a number of different teaching approaches and methodologies have been tried and tested with some being more popular and effective than others. The direct method of teaching English is also known as the Natural Method. Its main focus is oral skill and it is taught via repetitive drilling. Today popular forms of the Direct Method are Callan and Berlitz. Just like its name suggests, this method of teaching English is grammar heavy and relies a lot on translation.
Communicative Language Teaching CLT methodologies does not provide an specific method or theory of language teaching, but rather an approach that prioritizes communication. Teaching English as a second language: techniques and procedures. Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: You are commenting using your WordPress. This practice promotes communicative interaction in the target language. To create a resource bank of language teaching strategies, ideas and techniques for teachers to use when implementing units of inquiry. Each chapter focuses on a different teaching approach, describing it being used in the classroom, analyzing what … PE A2P34 '.
English Teaching Methods
Communicative language teaching CLT , or the communicative approach , is an approach to language teaching that emphasizes interaction as both the means and the ultimate goal of study. Language learners in environments utilizing CLT techniques, learn and practice the target language through the interaction with one another and the instructor, the study of "authentic texts" those written in the target language for purposes other than language learning , and through the use of the language both in class and outside of class. Learners converse about personal experiences with partners, and instructors teach topics outside of the realm of traditional grammar, in order to promote language skills in all types of situations. This method also claims to encourage learners to incorporate their personal experiences into their language learning environment, and to focus on the learning experience in addition to the learning of the target language.
A summary and overview of new language teaching methods
Richards and Theodore S. Rodgers Proposed to fulfill the Comprehensive Assignment. In the sixteenth century, French, Italian, and English gained in importance as a result of political changes in Europe, and Latin gradually became displaced as a language of spoken and written communication. The study of classical Latin the Latin in which the classical works of Virgil, Ovid, and Cicero were written and an analysis of its grammar and rhetoric became the model for foreign language study from the seventeenth to the nineteenth centuries.
carry out a method which is consistent with an approach An approach is a set of correlative assumptions dealing with the nature of language teaching and.
Theoretical Orientations to L2 Methods & Approaches
Хотя криптографы были убеждены, что система фильтров Сквозь строй предназначалась исключительно для защиты этого криптографического декодирующего шедевра, сотрудники лаборатории систем безопасности знали правду. Фильтры служили куда более высокой цели - защите главной базы данных АНБ. Чатрукьяну была известна история ее создания. Несмотря на все предпринятые в конце 1970-х годов усилия министерства обороны сохранить Интернет для себя, этот инструмент оказался настолько соблазнительным, что не мог не привлечь к себе внимания всего общества. Со временем им заинтересовались университеты, а вскоре после этого появились и коммерческие серверы. Шлюзы открылись - в Интернет хлынула публика.
Затем взял ботинки и постучал каблуками по столу, точно вытряхивая камешек. Просмотрев все еще раз, он отступил на шаг и нахмурился. - Какие-то проблемы? - спросил лейтенант. - Да, - сказал Беккер. - Мы кое-что упустили. ГЛАВА 13 Токуген Нуматака стоял у окна своего роскошного кабинета на верхнем этаже небоскреба и разглядывал завораживающие очертания Токио на фоне ярко-синего неба.
Джабба тяжко вздохнул и повернулся к экрану. - Не знаю. Все зависит от того, что ударило в голову автору. - Он привлек внимание к тексту на экране. - Кто-нибудь может мне объяснить, что это .
Все в комнате оставили свои занятия и смотрели на огромный экран и на Дэвида Беккера.
Он вежливо улыбнулся озабоченной медсестре и вошел в будку. Сняв трубку, набрал номер справочной службы и через тридцать секунд получил номер главного офиса больницы. В какой бы стране вы ни находились, во всех учреждениях действует одно и то же правило: никто долго не выдерживает звонка телефонного аппарата. Не важно, сколько посетителей стоят в очереди, - секретарь всегда бросит все дела и поспешит поднять трубку.
Лицо Стратмора побагровело. - Мистер Чатрукьян, такое уже случалось.
Мимо стремительно проплыла каталка. Беккер успел отскочить в сторону и окликнул санитара. - Dоnde esta el telefono.