Maternal And Child Health In Nigeria Pdf
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- Neonatal Mortality and Maternal/Child Health Care in Nigeria: An Impact Analysis
- Center for Strategic & International Studies
- Was the Maternal Health Cash Transfer Programme in Nigeria Sustainable and Cost-Effective?
Even though maternal mortality, which is a pregnancy-related death is preventable, it has continued to increase in many nations of the world, especially in the African countries of the sub-Saharan regions caused by factors which include a low level of socioeconomic development. This paper focuses on cogent issues affecting maternal mortality by unpacking its precipitating factors and examining the maternal health care system in Nigeria. Contemporary works of literature were reviewed, and the functionalist perspective served as a theoretical guide to examine the interrelated functions of several sectors of the society to the outcome of maternal mortality.
Neonatal Mortality and Maternal/Child Health Care in Nigeria: An Impact Analysis
Developing equity-focused interventions for maternal and child health in Nigeria: an evidence synthesis for policy, based on equitable impact sensitive tool EQUIST. Introduction: among the most critical health systems components that requires strengthening to improve maternal, newborn and child health MNCH outcomes in Nigeria is the concept of equity. We then identified the intervention package, the bottlenecks and strategies to address them and the number of deaths avertible. Results: EQUIST profile analysis showed that the number of under-five deaths was considerably higher among the poorest and rural population in Nigeria, and was highest in North-West region. Neonatal causes, malaria, pneumonia and diarrhoea were responsible for most of the under-five deaths. Highest maternal mortality was recorded in the North-West Nigeria.
In achieving the MDG target of reducing global maternal mortality by 75 percent, progress in Nigeria could prove pivotal. In , an estimated 40, Nigerian women died in childbirth; the country accounts for an estimated 14 percent of maternal deaths worldwide; and Nigeria remains 1 of the 10 most dangerous countries in the world for a woman to give birth, with of every , live births result in a maternal death. But despite the bleak national statistics, there are some signs of growing opportunity in Nigeria. In the last five years, the federal government has devoted far greater policy attention and resources to maternal health than previously, and a handful of state governments are beginning to tackle the challenge in a strategic and comprehensive way. The aim was to get a sense of challenges at the state and local government level, to determine where responsibility lies for primary health care, and to identify instances where real progress is being made. Successful models can serve as an encouragement to policymakers and health implementers elsewhere and can offer practical examples of what is possible with local innovation, leadership, and planning. Perhaps most important is to create an expectation among citizens, communities, and civil society that in turn strengthens constituencies for maternal health and more broadly for service delivery and governance.
The programme, funded out of a reduction in the fuel subsidy, was implemented between October and April and incorporated a conditional cash transfer to women to encourage use of facility based maternal services. We seek to assess the incremental cost effectiveness and long term impact of the conditional cash transfer element of the programme. Methods: An impact analysis and incremental cost-effectiveness analysis of conditional cash transfers CCTs is undertaken taking a health service perspective toward costs of the intervention. The study was undertaken in Anambra state, comparing areas that received only the investment in health services with areas that implemented the conditional cash transfer programme. An interrupted time series analysis of the programme outputs was undertaken. These were combined with a programme costing to determine the incremental cost per output. Findings: Maternal services provided to patients in conditional cash transfer areas accelerated rapidly from the middle of until after the programme in late
Center for Strategic & International Studies
Maternal and child health have emerged as the most important issue that determines global and national well-being. Maternal and child health care can be defined as promotive, preventive, curative, and rehabilitative health care for mothers throughout the childbearing period and for children from conception through adolescence. Traditional practices that undervalue women, with overbearing male spousal control, have been thought to predispose women and their infants to morbid perinatal conditions, especially when they deprive them of access to needed health-care services. The use of these herbal remedies during pregnancy has been seen to be associated with non-hospital delivery. Preparedness for childbirth has also been shown to be affected by cultural beliefs. A study from North Nigeria to assess birth preparedness, complication readiness, and male participation in maternity care revealed that the majority of pregnancy were unplanned and only In rural women in North Ghana, the traditional belief in the use of water, herbs, and other local foods for infant feeding has been identified as a key challenge in the practice of exclusive breastfeeding EBF.
Reducing the rate of mortality in neonates to as low as 12 per 1, live births is one of the clearly spelt out aims of the third tenet of the Sustainable Development Goals SDG because of its importance to the dynamics of population. To achieve the sustainable development target for neonatal mortality, it is therefore recommended that stake holders in the public health sector improve the quality of existing health care facilities and access to quality services. Keywords : Neonatal mortality, logistic regression, maternal care, child health care, Nigeria. AJOL and the millions of African and international researchers who rely on our free services are deeply grateful for your contribution. Your donation is guaranteed to directly contribute to Africans sharing their research output with a global readership. Skip to main content Skip to main navigation menu Skip to site footer. Ewere D.
Was the Maternal Health Cash Transfer Programme in Nigeria Sustainable and Cost-Effective?
Metrics details. Rural communities in Nigeria account for high maternal and newborn mortality rates in the country. Thus, there is a need for innovative models of service delivery, possibly with greater community engagement.
Correspondence Address : Dr.