Animal Farm Characters And Who They Symbolize Pdf

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Benjamin is a donkey in George Orwell 's novel Animal Farm. He is less straightforward than most characters in the novel, and a number of interpretations have been put forward to which social class he represents as regards to the Russian Revolution and the Soviet Union. Animal Farm is an allegory for the evolution of Communism in Russia, with each animal representing a different social class, [ citation needed ] e.

'Animal Farm' Themes and Symbols

George Orwell's Animal Farm is a political allegory about revolution and power. Through the tale of a group of farm animals who overthrow the owner of the farm, Animal Farm explores themes of totalitarianism, the corruption of ideals, and the power of language. Orwell frames his story as a political allegory; every character represents a figure from the Russian Revolution.

Jones, the original human owner of the farm, represents the ineffective and incompetent Czar Nicholas II. Other animals represent the working classes of Russia: initially passionate about revolution eventually manipulated into supporting a regime that was just as incompetent and arguably more brutal than the previous one.

Orwell argues that any revolution led by a small, conspiratorial group can only degenerate into oppression and tyranny. He makes this argument through the allegory of the farm. The revolution begins with firm principles of equality and justice, and initially, the results are positive, as the animals get to labor for their own direct benefit.

However, as Orwell demonstrates, revolutionary leaders can become as corrupt and incompetent as the government they overthrew. The pigs adopt the human ways they once fiercely opposed drinking whiskey, sleeping in beds , and they make business deals with farmers that benefit them alone.

Meanwhile, the other animals see only negative changes in their lives. They continue to support Napoleon and work harder than ever despite the decline in quality of living.

Eventually, the promises of heated stalls and electric light—what they've been working for all along—become fantasy. Animal Farm suggests that totalitarianism and hypocrisy are endemic to the human condition. Without education and true empowerment of the lower classes, Orwell argues, society will always default to tyranny.

Orwell, a socialist, believed the Russian Revolution had been corrupted by power-seekers like Stalin from the start. The animals' revolution is initially led by Snowball, the key architect of Animalism; at first, Napoleon is a secondary player, much like Stalin. However, Napoleon plots in secret to seize power and drive Snowball away, undermining Snowball's policies and training the dogs to be his enforcers.

The principles of equality and solidarity that inspired the animals become mere tools for Napoleon to seize power. The animals representing the people of Russia are depicted as complicit in this corruption through inaction, fear, and ignorance. Animal Farm explores how propaganda can be used to control people. From the start of the novel, Orwell depicts the animals being manipulated by common propaganda techniques, including songs, slogans, and ever-changing information.

Singing "Beasts of England" evokes an emotional response that reinforces the animals' loyalty to both Animalism and the pigs. The adoption of slogans like Napoleon is always right or four legs good, two legs bad demonstrates their unfamiliarity with the complex philosophical and political concepts underlying the revolution. The constant alteration of the Seven Commandments of Animalism demonstrates how those in control of information can manipulate the rest of a population.

The pigs, who serve as the leaders of the farm, are the only animals with a strong command of language. Snowball is an eloquent speaker who composes the philosophy of Animalism and persuades his fellow beasts with the power of his oratory. Squealer is adept at lying and spinning stories to maintain control. Napoleon, while not as smart or as eloquent as Snowball, is skilled at imposing his own false view on everyone around him, as when he falsely inserts himself into the historical record of the Battle of the Cowshed.

As an allegorical novel, Animal Farm is rife with symbolism. Just as the animals represent individuals or groups from Russian history, the farm itself represents Russia, and the surrounding farms represent the European powers that witnessed the Russian Revolution.

Instead, his choices are carefully calibrated to evoke a desired response from the reader. Whiskey represents corruption. When Boxer is sold to the Knacker, Napoleon uses the money to purchase whiskey. With this act, Napoleon fully embodies the human qualities that the animals once revolted against. The final product is of inferior quality, much like many of the projects undertaken by the Soviets post-revolution.

In the end the Windmill is used to enrich Napoleon and the other pigs at the expense of the other animals. The Seven Commandments of Animalism, written on the barn wall for all to see, represent the power of propaganda and the malleable nature of history and information when the people are ignorant of the facts.

The commandments are altered throughout the novel; each time they are changed indicates that the animals have moved even further away from their original principles. Share Flipboard Email. Table of Contents Expand. Political Allegory. Corruption of Ideals. Power of Language. Animal Farm Study Guide. Jeffrey Somers. Literature Expert. Jeff Somers is an award-winning writer who has authored nine novels, over 40 short stories, and "Writing Without Rules," a non-fiction book about the business and craft of writing.

Facebook Facebook Twitter Twitter. Updated March 12, Cite this Article Format. Somers, Jeffrey. ThoughtCo uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience. By using ThoughtCo, you accept our.

'Animal Farm' Themes and Symbols

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Animal farm characters and who they symbolize pdf

He also teaches the song " beasts of england" to the animals. A squealer has negative associations with snitches who tell or " squeal" on people; it is also someone who makes a terrible noise of pain. Snowball - the pig who challenges napoleon for control of animal farm after the rebellion. Animal farm skips the short rule of lenin and seems to combine lenin with the character old major , and has napoleon leading the farm from the beginning of the revolution. Based on joseph stalin, napoleon used military force his nine loyal attack dogs to intimidate the other animals and consolidate his power.

George Orwell's Animal Farm is a political allegory about revolution and power. Through the tale of a group of farm animals who overthrow the owner of the farm, Animal Farm explores themes of totalitarianism, the corruption of ideals, and the power of language. Orwell frames his story as a political allegory; every character represents a figure from the Russian Revolution. Jones, the original human owner of the farm, represents the ineffective and incompetent Czar Nicholas II. Other animals represent the working classes of Russia: initially passionate about revolution eventually manipulated into supporting a regime that was just as incompetent and arguably more brutal than the previous one.

But more generally, Animal Farm stands for any human society, be it capitalist, socialist, fascist, or communist. It possesses the internal structure of a nation, with a government the pigs , a police force or army the dogs , a working class the other animals , and state holidays and rituals. Its location amid a number of hostile neighboring farms supports its symbolism as a political entity with diplomatic concerns. The barn at Animal Farm, on whose outside walls the pigs paint the Seven Commandments and, later, their revisions, represents the collective memory of a modern nation. If the working class believes history to lie on the side of their oppressors, they are less likely to question oppressive practices.

Animal farm characters and who they symbolize pdf

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Поиск занял больше времени, чем она рассчитывала. Мысли ее мешались: она тосковала по Дэвиду и страстно желала, чтобы Грег Хейл отправился домой. Но Хейл сидел на месте и помалкивал, поглощенный своим занятием. Ей было безразлично, чем именно он занят, лишь бы не заинтересовался включенным ТРАНСТЕКСТОМ. Пока этого, по-видимому, не случилось: цифра 16 в окне отсчета часов заставила бы его завопить от изумления. Сьюзан допивала уже третью чашку чая, когда это наконец произошло: компьютер пискнул. Пульс ее участился.

Animal Farm

 Больше. Панк да и. Панк да и .

Animal farm characters and who they symbolize pdf

В разговор вмешался новый участник. - Д-директор. Все повернулись к экрану. Это был агент Колиандер из Севильи.

2 Comments

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    MAJOR SYMBOLS IN ANIMAL FARM. SYMBOL Intellectual—they know it won't work, but they don't do NAME SYMBOLISM IN ANIMAL FARM. NAME.

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