Chemotherapy Drugs And Side Effects Pdf

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Use the A to Z list below to find consumer-friendly information about drugs for cancer and conditions related to cancer.

Normally, your cells grow and die in a controlled way. Cancer cells keep growing without control. Chemotherapy is drug therapy for cancer. It works by killing the cancer cells, stopping them from spreading, or slowing their growth.

Chemotherapy

Normally, your cells grow and die in a controlled way. Cancer cells keep growing without control. Chemotherapy is drug therapy for cancer. It works by killing the cancer cells, stopping them from spreading, or slowing their growth.

However, it can also harm healthy cells, which causes side effects. You may have a lot of side effects, some, or none at all. It depends on the type and amount of chemotherapy you get and how your body reacts. Some common side effects are fatigue, nausea, vomiting, pain, and hair loss. There are ways to prevent or control some side effects. Talk with your health care provider about how to manage them.

Healthy cells usually recover after chemotherapy is over, so most side effects gradually go away. Your treatment plan will depend on the cancer type, the chemotherapy drugs used, the treatment goal, and how your body responds. Chemotherapy may be given alone or with other treatments. You may get treatment every day, every week, or every month.

You may have breaks between treatments so that your body has a chance to build new healthy cells. You might take the drugs by mouth, in a shot, as a cream, or intravenously by IV. Cancer Chemotherapy. On this page Basics Summary Start Here. Research Clinical Trials Journal Articles. Resources Reference Desk Find an Expert.

Start Here. Living With. Related Issues. Health Check Tools. Clinical Trials. Article: Immunotherapy vs platinum for advanced or metastatic thymic carcinoma: A protocol Article: Effect of moxibustion on quality of life after chemotherapy in patients Cancer Chemotherapy -- see more articles.

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Chemotherapy destroys cancer cells because the medicines target rapidly dividing cells. But normal cells in your blood, mouth, intestinal tract, nose, nails, vagina, and hair also divide rapidly. So chemotherapy affects them, too. The healthy cells in your body can repair the damage that chemotherapy causes — your hair will grow back and your energy levels will rise. But cancer cells can't repair themselves very well.

Chemotherapy is a drug treatment that uses powerful chemicals to kill fast-growing cells in your body. Chemotherapy is most often used to treat cancer, since cancer cells grow and multiply much more quickly than most cells in the body. Many different chemotherapy drugs are available. Chemotherapy drugs can be used alone or in combination to treat a wide variety of cancers. Though chemotherapy is an effective way to treat many types of cancer, chemotherapy treatment also carries a risk of side effects.

Chemotherapy drugs are powerful and can take a toll on the body. The chemotherapy drug docetaxel is very well tolerated, and many men are surprised to find that disease-related symptoms pain, fatigue, loss of energy are improved after starting this therapy. However, docetaxel does have some side effects to be aware of. Despite use of Neulasta, there is still a risk of serious infection. About one-third of men will experience numbness or weakness in their toes or fingers that may interfere with function neuropathy. This side effect is not always reversible, but in most cases resolves slowly over time.


The survey regarding the side effects of chemotherapy showed that 43% patients were suf-fering from headache, fatigue 90%, weakness 95%, hair loss 76%, nausea 77%, vomiting 75%, di-arrhea 31%, abdominal cramps 40%, mouth sores 47%, dry mouth 74%, memory impairment 14% and numbness 49%.


Managing Chemotherapy Side Effects

Chemotherapy drugs can damage healthy, fast-growing cells, such as the new blood cells in the bone marrow or the cells in the mouth, stomach, skin, hair and reproductive organs. When healthy cells are damaged, it causes side effects. Everyone reacts to chemotherapy differently. Some people have no side effects, others have many.

Chemotherapy is an aggressive form of chemical drug therapy meant to destroy rapidly growing cells in the body. A doctor who specializes in cancer treatment is known as an oncologist. Chemotherapy is often used in combination with other therapies, such as surgery, radiation, or hormone therapy.

Cancer treatments may have many side effects. A side effect occurs when treatment damages healthy cells. Side effects can be different for each person, and for different medicines and kinds of treatment.

Managing chemotherapy side effects

Some of the most common and well-known short-term side effects of chemotherapy are hair loss , nausea and vomiting. It may be helpful to download and print Susan G.

Chemotherapy Side Effects

The side-effects and long-term sequelae of anti-cancer chemotherapy remain a major source of concern for both patients and clinicians despite the improved efficacy and enhanced survival offered by modern treatments. Current drugs or other approaches to counteract chemotherapy-induced adverse effects are often incompletely effective, frequently do not address potential longer-term sequelae or may even induce other side-effects which only add to patient discomfort. New approaches to improve tolerance and reduce sequelae of cancer chemotherapy are urgently needed and the present Research Topic focuses on this issue and highlights several areas of progress. Nausea and vomiting are amongst the most feared side-effects for patients embarking on cancer chemotherapy. Though current treatments to control acute chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting CINV are reasonably effective in most patients, delayed CINV is more difficult to manage. The review by Rapoport describes the pathogenesis, incidence and current treatment of delayed CINV, and highlights that this symptom is frequently underestimated and often poorly controlled, even when acute CINV is adequately managed.

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4 Comments

  1. Velia C. 03.04.2021 at 12:41

    Some chemotherapy drugs can make you feel sick (nausea). And some can make you be sick (vomit). Sickness may start a few minutes into your treatment, or a few hours later. It may last a long or short time.

  2. Jelcooworlti 06.04.2021 at 04:35

    Some chemo drugs can damage cells in the heart, kidneys, bladder, lungs, and nervous system. Sometimes, you can take medicines with the.

  3. Enexcerbell 09.04.2021 at 09:15

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  4. Hilda A. 11.04.2021 at 11:15

    Cycle # ______. Chemotherapy Side Effects Worksheet. Medicines or drugs that destroy cancer cells are called cancer chemotherapy (chemo). Chemotherapy.