Philippine History Government And Politics Pdf
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The following year, he was commissioned Admiral of the Navy. The relative ease with which the United States dispatched the Spanish squadron in Manila Bay was only the beginning of what would become a nearly year American presence in the Philippines. It was one thing to capture the islands, but another thing entirely to set up a working administration.
- The Philippines, 1898–1946
- Philippine Politics Under Duterte: A Midterm Assessment
- The 19th century
- Philippine History with Politics, Governance and Constitution
The Philippines, 1898–1946
Ken Liao. Download PDF. A short summary of this paper. Page Number s The Philippine state evolved in different various forms before it was granted sovereignty given only to a state. The granting of independence has signaled the beginning of the evolution of the country into a full member of the community of nations.
As a state, the Philippines has internal and external sovereignty over its citizens, it has control over its borders and territorial domains; it has the power and authority to use force if her existence is threatened by other states. However, as a political organization, it must create its own set of laws significant to its development and well-being and its leaders must have a mandate of the people to govern.
The term state is sometimes use synonymously when referring to a nation and government. But these two are only under the authority of the state and are part of the elements of the state. A state has inherent powers that can be used to exercise it powers and authority, these inherent powers are important for the development and existence of the state. The citizens are governed under these powers. As a political entity, the state has the right to use force to compel its subjects to respect and follow the laws; it can curtail the freedom and civil liberties of the people.
The political ideology of the state is reflected on its government, laws, and foreign relations. This module will discuss the theory of the origin of the state, inherent powers and the meaning of nation, state and government.
What is a state? A state is a community of nations more or less numerous permanently occupying a definite portion of territory, having a government of their own to which the great body of inhabitants render obedience and enjoying freedom from external control De Leon, Hector. Elements of a stateStates are created based on the elements mentioned below. If these requirements are not followed or if there is a conflict or issue in one of the elements, the legitimacy of the state is always challenged.
It is important that a state is recognized by the international community, because without recognition, its existence, authority and power are always in doubt. People -refers to the group of people living within the state 2. Territory -it refers to the territorial domains over which the state exercises control or sovereignty 3. Government -it is an agency to which the political ideology of the state is expressed and carried out 4.
Sovereignty -it is the power of the state to enforce the law over its subjects within its jurisdiction and demand obedience from them Two types of sovereignty 1.
Internal sovereignty -the power of the state to command authority within its jurisdiction 2. External sovereignty -the power and freedom of the state to carry out its activities without foreign domination or control Duties of the StatePeace and order and national security Political harmony or good laws Social justice Economic development Individual and collective development of people Theories of the origin of the statePolitical scientists have postulated many theories as to the origin of the creation of the state.
Beginning from the history of ancient civilizations, the concept of a state has already been practiced. The following theories will give us an idea of the possibilities on how the origin of the state is created. Divine right theory -this theory postulates that the state is of divine creation and the ruler is ordained by God to govern the people 2. Force theory -this theory embarks on the belief that some powerful group of people or great warriors imposed their will upon the weak 3.
Paternalistic theory -this theory attributes the concept of a state to the enlargement of the family 4. Social contract theory -rests on the idea that people voluntarily submitted themselves and their right to an organization for the purpose of establishing a society The Three inherent powers of the stateA state is a very powerful entity.
Even from the earliest history, the state commands supreme authority to enforce its will upon the people. These powers are inherent in nature and the foundation of its existence. No state can exist without these powers, because it through these powers that state derive its authority. Eminent Domain -the power of the state or of those to whom the power is delegated to take or expropriate private property for public use upon payment of just compensation Conditions for or limitations of the exercise of eminent domainExistence of public use Payment of just compensation Observance of due process of law in the taking 2.
Police Power -the power of the state to enact laws or regulations in relation to persons and property Basis of police powerThe welfare of the people is the supreme law So use your own so as not to injure another's property Illustrations of police powerPublic health Public morals Public safety General welfare and convenience 3.
Power of taxation -the power of the state to impose charge or burden upon persons or property or property rights for the use and support of the government What is a nation? A nation is a group of people bound together by certain characteristics and shares the same history, ancestry, culture, and language.
Benedict Anderson asserted that nations were "imagined communities" it is imagined because even though people do not know each other or do not meet all the members, they share the same common history, culture, language and tradition that are practiced by every member.
They have the same feelings of belongingness and talk the same events that were part of their history even though they were miles away from one another. Government definedThe government is an agency of the state to which its will and ideology is expressed. A state cannot exist without a government as it is one of the elements of the state. It is through the government that the state's political ideology is reflected. The Philippine state has adopted various forms of government.
However, the provocative challenge to the Philippine governmental structure was adopted during the rule of Ferdinand Marcos, when he fused together the executive and legislative department. Related Papers. By Claire Necesito. By raymundo canizares. By Gladys Espiritu. By Patricia Faund.
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Philippine Politics Under Duterte: A Midterm Assessment
Skip to content. All Homes Search Contact. Zaide, Gregorio F. Zafra, Nicolas. The 24 Elders - The First World. Prepared by: Mark Jhon Cardoza Oxillo 2.
PDF | This e-book is a college textbook for the course, Philippine History with Politics, Government, and the Philippines Constitution. It provides.
The 19th century
By the late 18th century, political and economic changes in Europe were finally beginning to affect Spain and, thus, the Philippines. Important as a stimulus to trade was the gradual elimination of the monopoly enjoyed by the galleon to Acapulco. The last galleon arrived in Manila in , and by the mids Manila was open to foreign merchants almost without restriction.
Within weeks of his inauguration as president of the Philippines in June , Rodrigo R. His embrace of China and his visceral disdain for the United States has garnered additional attention in foreign policy circles, and he frequently is included in media reports and scholarly articles on the rise of populism globally. As a candidate, Duterte promised that he would produce real and rapid improvements in the lives of Filipinos, particularly by aggressively addressing crime and corruption. Two and a half years into his presidency, it is both warranted and possible to assess what has and has not changed under Duterte. The picture is a mixed one, with elements of change, continuity, and regression.
The Philippines is a republic with a presidential form of government wherein power is equally divided among its three branches: executive, legislative, and judicial. The government seeks to act in the best interests of its citizens through this system of check and balance. One basic corollary in a presidential system of government is the principle of separation of powers wherein legislation belongs to Congress, execution to the Executive, and settlement of legal controversies to the Judiciary.
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Philippine History with Politics, Governance and Constitution
- Мы кое-что упустили. ГЛАВА 13 Токуген Нуматака стоял у окна своего роскошного кабинета на верхнем этаже небоскреба и разглядывал завораживающие очертания Токио на фоне ярко-синего неба. Служащие и конкуренты называли Нуматаку акута саме - смертоносной акулой.
Как торговую марку? - Беккер смотрел на него изумленно. Парень был озадачен. - Для имени нужна торговая марка, а не патент. - А мне без разницы. - Панк не понимал, к чему клонит Беккер. Пестрое сборище пьяных и накачавшихся наркотиками молодых людей разразилось истерическим хохотом.
Резко просигналив, пронесся мимо мини-автобус, до отказа забитый подростками. Мотоцикл Беккера показался рядом с ним детской игрушкой, выехавшей на автостраду. Метрах в пятистах сзади в снопе искр на шоссе выкатило такси. Набирая скорость, оно столкнуло в сторону Пежо-504, отбросив его на газон разделительной полосы. Беккер миновал указатель Центр Севильи - 2 км.
Хейл подтянул ноги и немного приподнялся на корточках, желая переменить позу. Он открыл рот, чтобы что-то сказать, но сделать этого не успел. Когда Хейл перестал на нее давить, Сьюзан почувствовала, что ее онемевшие ноги ожили. Еще толком не отдавая себе отчета в своих действиях и повинуясь инстинкту, она резким движением согнула ноги и со всей силы ударила Хейла коленом в промежность, ощутив, как ее коленные чашечки впились в его мягкие незащищенные ткани. Хейл взвыл от боли, и все его тело сразу же обмякло.
Сьюзан вдруг поняла, что стала смеяться гораздо чаще, чем раньше. Казалось, не было на свете ничего, что Дэвид не мог бы обратить в шутку. Это было радостное избавление от вечного напряжения, связанного с ее служебным положением в АНБ. В один из прохладных осенних дней они сидели на стадионе, наблюдая за тем, как футбольная команда Рутгерса громит команду Джорджтауне кого университета. - Я забыла: как называется вид спорта, которым ты увлекаешься? - спросила Сьюзан. - Цуккини. - Сквош, - чуть не застонал Беккер.
Сьюзан в испуге взглянула на Хейла. Он стоял с безучастным видом, словно происходящее его никак не касалось. И это понятно, - подумала .