Pdf Neural Mechanisms Supporting The Relationship Between Dispositional Mindfulness And Pain

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Mindfulness and Cognitive Functions: Toward a Unifying Neurocognitive Framework

Either your web browser doesn't support Javascript or it is currently turned off. In the latter case, please turn on Javascript support in your web browser and reload this page. Review Free to read. Pain is a multidimensional experience that involves sensory, cognitive, and affective factors. The constellation of interactions between these factors renders the treatment of chronic pain challenging and financially burdensome. Further, the widespread use of opioids to treat chronic pain has led to an opioid epidemic characterized by exponential growth in opioid misuse and addiction.

Skip to search form Skip to main content You are currently offline. Some features of the site may not work correctly. DOI: Zeidan and T. Salomons and S. Farris and Nichole M.

A number of studies in cognitive psychology and neuroscience have shown the effects of mindfulness and meditation training in enhancing cognitive functions assessed by a broad range of tasks implicating measures of response accuracy, response time, and associated electrophysiological and neuroimaging patterns for reviews, see Cahn and Polich ; Chiesa et al. The set of cognitive functions found to be enhanced by mindfulness and meditation training includes centrally attentional processes Malinowski , such as attentional control, orienting, and alertness. Sustained attention tasks have also been used for cognitive performance assessment associated to mindfulness training Jha et al. Other tasks deal with the selective temporal deployment of attention through phenomena like attentional blink Slagter et al. Other studies found effects of meditation on preattentive processes e. Several experimental findings also show the effects of mindfulness training on executive functions, which control and direct cognitive processes for working memory, planning, decision making, self-regulation, and many other goal-directed behaviors Black et al. Such executive or cognitive control functions enhanced by mindfulness have been associated to the notion of cognitive flexibility Kim et al.


The system can't perform the operation now. Try again later. Citations per year. Duplicate citations. The following articles are merged in Scholar.

Neural mechanisms supporting the relationship between dispositional mindfulness and pain. Fadel Zeidana,*, Tim Salomonsb, Suzan R. Farrisa, Nichole M.

Mindfulness meditation-based pain relief: a mechanistic account.

Opioid analgesics are frequently used to treat CP. However, long term use of opioids can cause brain changes such as opioid-induced hyperalgesia that, over time, increase pain sensation. Also, opioids fail to treat complex psychological factors that worsen pain-related disability, including beliefs about and emotional responses to pain. However, CBT generally does not focus on important factors needed for long-term functional improvement, including attainment of personal goals and the psychological flexibility to choose responses to pain. However, little is known about the neurologic mechanisms underlying ACT.

Advances in Emotion Regulation: from neuroscience to psychotherapy View all 14 Articles. There is increasing interest in the beneficial clinical effects of mindfulness-based interventions MBIs. Research has demonstrated their efficacy in a wide range of psychological conditions characterized by emotion dysregulation.

Mindfulness is frequently associated with improved attention. However, the nature of the relationship between mindfulness and executive attention, a core function of the attentional system, is surprisingly unclear. Studies employing behavioral measures of executive attention have been equivocal. Although neuroscientific studies have yielded more consistent findings, reporting functional and structural changes in executive attention brain regions, the observed changes in brain activity have not been linked to behavioral performance. The current study aimed to fill these gaps in the literature by examining the extent to which trait mindfulness related to behavioral and neurophysiological indexed by the stimulus-locked P3 measures of executive attention.

Mindfulness is the practice of purposely bringing one's attention in the present moment without judgment, [1] [2] [note 1] [3] [4] a skill one develops through meditation or other training. Davidson , [19] [20] [21] and Sam Harris. Clinical psychology and psychiatry since the s have developed a number of therapeutic applications based on mindfulness for helping people experiencing a variety of psychological conditions.

Neural mechanisms supporting the relationship between dispositional mindfulness and pain

Pain Reports. Mind and Language The Journal of Pain S 18 Cham, Switzerland: Springer. The Journal of Pain 18

The present study aims to investigate how dispositional mindfulness affects the mental well-being of cancer patients through the way they perceive stress. Results showed that perceived stress significantly mediated the relationship between dispositional mindfulness and all dimensions of the mental well-being as captured by the GHQ i. Further analyses showed that dispositional mindfulness predicted all the dimensions of psychological well-being. This study indicated a possible mechanism of intervention focused on improving mindfulness capability.

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