Types Of Grease And Their Applications Pdf

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Frequently used in lubricating food machinery. Bentonite clay is treated with a polar activator that will give an electrical charge to the clay particles, thus aligning them to hold the lubricating oil in suspension in a non-soap thickened, grease structure.

Nomenclature of Lubricating Grease

You might be using a high-quality grease. You may have put a lot of effort and money into selecting the best quality grease in the pursuit of lubrication excellence. Considering this lubricating oil analogy, the best quality turbine oil would most likely not make a good engine oil. Most users are aware of the importance of selecting the right lubricant for a given application. OEM specifications for a lubricating oil normally include viscosity at operating or ambient temperature, additive requirements, base oil type and even special considerations for different environmental conditions. Grease specifications, on the other hand, often lack the detail necessary to make a proper selection, leaving it up to the lubrication engineer to create the specification. Using this information alone, one could select the right consistency and thickener type.

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Chemistry and Technology of Lubricants pp Cite as. Lubricating grease has been regarded by many prominent members of the oil industry, including the National Lubricating Grease Institute NLGI , as more of an art than a science. One of the primary objectives of a new generation of lubrication engineers is to radically change this concept and start speaking the same language as other scientists. Grease lubrication is a complex mixture of chemistry, physics, tribology, rheology and health and environmental sciences. Without extensive interdisciplinary co-operation and understanding, any ambitious research and development project will eventually meet immovable obstacles.

Grease is a solid or semisolid lubricant formed as a dispersion of thickening agents in a liquid lubricant. Grease generally consists of a soap emulsified with mineral or vegetable oil. A common feature of greases is that they possess a high initial viscosity , which upon the application of shear, drops to give the effect of an oil-lubricated bearing of approximately the same viscosity as the base oil used in the grease. This change in viscosity is called shear thinning. Grease is sometimes used to describe lubricating materials that are simply soft solids or high viscosity liquids, but these materials do not exhibit the shear-thinning properties characteristic of the classical grease. For example, petroleum jellies such as Vaseline are not generally classified as greases.

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A lubricant user can order his motor oils for a variety of different types of engine by specifications which are internationally recognised, but he cannot do this with many of his industrial lubricants and, except for NLGI consistency numbers, he cannot do it at all for his greases. The author suggests in this article that the grease maker's grading nomenclature might include references which would tell the buyer the maximum safe working temperature for the grease and also the type of soap used in its manufacture. His suggestions are only speculative but they should stimulate further thought and discussion amongst large industrial buyers of lubricants, as well as lubricant manufacturers.

Step-by-Step Grease Selection

While the Machine Age was in full swing in the late s and early s, the quality of life improved greatly. Operating larger machines was crucial towards creating this better way of life, whether it was tractors or steam engines, or automobiles. The technology developed all those years ago is still relevant to this day and age, and many of those inventions are still commonplace.

Screen Reader Access Color Themes. Directors Familiarisation program for Ind. These greases have excellent water resistance properties, high oxidation stability, and maximum structural stability with superior anti-rust and anti-corrosion properties. These greases resist water washout and enjoy all round acceptance for both anti-friction and plain bearing lubrication. These greases are widely used in steel plants, heavy engineering units, textile mills, petrochemical and chemical units. These greases prevent welding and seizure of moving parts often caused by shock loading and resist water washout. These greases meet IPSS specification and are recommended for both plain and anti-friction bearing in a wide variety of application such as automotive, earth moving equipment and general industrial machinery.

Base Oil Viscosity

It is suitable for use in a variety of marine applications including winch, windlass and general greasing applications. Use the lubricants ports and services directory to view our offer. Our products and services can help maximise cost savings by improving fuel measurement, extending oil life, reducing consumption and improving equipment life. View our quick reference chart to find high quality marine fuel oils or lubricants to support your business. If you would like to discuss it further, you can contact me directly.

P art I of this article provided a basic introduction to grease, with discussions of composition, types, properties and evaluation tests. Part II will focus on the correct grease for the application and some of the key criteria in the selection process, including compatibility, amount to be added and relubrication frequency. Complex lithium soaps are the fastest growing thickener type worldwide. Simple lithium soaps are more widely used because of their lower costs, but lithium complex greases, because of their inherently better properties, are faster growing. The general rule is to use oil for lubrication, if possible, because of the ability to clean and cool oil versus doing so with grease. There are, however, many applications where oil use is not possible or practical. Table II lists a few of the industrial and mining components utilizing grease as a lubricant.

Interlube Corporation manufactures a complete line of greases that are used in many applications in many different types of industries. Interlube manufactures mineral oil based and synthetic greases with a wide variety of oil viscosities, soap bases, and NLGI grades that are formulated to meet any specific application. With its extensive product line of greases, Interlube can handle any application encountered including very high and very low temperature applications.

Но этот канадец не знал, что ему надо держаться изо всех сил, поэтому они и трех метров не проехали, как он грохнулся об асфальт, разбил себе голову и сломал запястье. - Что? - Сьюзан не верила своим ушам. - Офицер хотел доставить его в госпиталь, но канадец был вне себя от ярости, сказав, что скорее пойдет в Канаду пешком, чем еще раз сядет на мотоцикл. Все, что полицейский мог сделать, - это проводить его до маленькой муниципальной клиники неподалеку от парка. Там он его и оставил.

Common Grease Types and Characteristics

Чьи-то стальные руки прижали его лицо к стеклу. Панк попытался высвободиться и повернуться. - Эдуардо. Это ты, приятель? - Он почувствовал, как рука незнакомца проскользнула к его бумажнику, чуть ослабив хватку.  - Эдди! - крикнул .

Тогда бы время, необходимое для дешифровки, составило двадцать лет.

Она посмотрела на него, потом на кольцо. Глаза ее увлажнились. - О, Дэвид… у меня нет слов. - Скажи. Она отвернулась.


  1. Gaston S. 18.04.2021 at 09:59

    The walls are generally non-bearing but sufficiently strong enough to withstand lateral forces caused by wind or earthquake.

  2. Turquesa R. 20.04.2021 at 22:48

    PDF | * | Find, read and cite all the research you need on ResearchGate. •​Grease should retain its properties under shear at all food and pharmaceutical type products is reduced with the Applications Of Grease.

  3. Cisuchoro1952 21.04.2021 at 11:17

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  4. Tracmacomness 22.04.2021 at 20:40

    Grease selection depends on the type of bearing to be lubricated (ball, roller, taper Another classification is based on their applications in service in equipment. small machines such as manual and electric drills and many appliances and.